general equation to make soap

Soap Detergents and Household Soaps

Final Soap Making SOAP FROM CRUDE SOAP STOCK Beginning Composition of Crude Soap Stock ... Formula Rancidity in Shaving Soaps MANUFACTURING OF SHAVING CREAMS Beginning Raw Materials ... Industrial General Guidance for setting up new industrial projects.

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26.2: Saponification of Fats and Oils; Soaps and ...

The hydrolysis of fats and oils in the presence of a base is used to make soap and is called saponification. Today most soaps are prepared through the hydrolysis of triglycerides (often from tallow, coconut oil, or both) using water under high pressure and temperature [700 lb/in 2 (∼50 atm or 5,000 kPa) and 200°C].

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Detergent - Wikipedia

A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleansing properties in dilute solutions. These substances are usually alkylbenzene sulfonates, a family of compounds that are similar to soap but are more soluble in hard water, because the polar sulfonate (of detergents) is less likely than the polar carboxylate (of soap) to bind to calcium and other ions found in hard water.

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How soap is made - material, manufacture, making, used ...

The kettle method of making soap is still used today by small soap manufacturing companies. This process takes from four to eleven days to complete, and the quality of each batch is inconsistent due to the variety of oils used. Around 1940, engineers and scientists developed a more efficient manufacturing process, called the continuous process. ...

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How to calculate a Transparent Soap Formula

Too much of it will cause the soap to be too soft. If you are using Lard instead of Tallow or Palm, replace 1 oz per pound of Lard by Stearic acid, because Lard makes a softer soap and the Stearic acid will help in making it harder. If you use too much Coconut oil, you will get a cloudy soap…

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Making Everyday Chemsitry Public Project

Soap works by breaking up the oil into smaller drops, so it can mix with the water. The principle of soap works because soap is made up of molecules with two very different ends. One is hydrophilic, and it is this end of the soap molecule that loves water. This is the "salt" end of the soap…

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5 Homemade Pressure Washer Detergent Recipes

Best Pressure Washer Detergent Recipe for Concrete. Pour a gallon of water in a large bucket and then add Borax and washing soda. Add in the dish soap and stir thoroughly. Before using the pressure washer soap, make sure to do a quick preliminary clean of the area, moving any …

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Soap Making Tutorial for Beginners - Full Demonstration ...

Jun 09, 2018·Welcome to my soap making tutorial for beginners. This video demonstrates the full method for cold process soap making using an easy beginner recipe (scroll ...

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Soap Formulas - Soap Making Instructions and Free Soap ...

6. Lye soap can be used to clean just about everything. . It can be used on just about anything. Saddle soap is simply an olive oil based lye soap, so it’s good for leather too. 7. Soapmaking is fun and addictive. Bars of homemade soap make great gifts for friends and family.You can save hundreds of dollars just on Christmas gifts. 8.

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Detergent - Wikipedia

A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleansing properties in dilute solutions. These substances are usually alkylbenzene sulfonates, a family of compounds that are similar to soap but are more soluble in hard water, because the polar sulfonate (of detergents) is less likely than the polar carboxylate (of soap) to bind to calcium and other ions found in hard water.

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Saponification Definition and Reaction

Jan 08, 2020·In the process, animal or vegetable fat is converted into soap (a fatty acid) and alcohol. The reaction requires a solution of an alkali (e.g., sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide) in water and also heat. The reaction is used commercially to make soap, lubricants, and fire extinguishers.

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Saponification-The process of Making Soap (Theory) : Class ...

SOAP. Soaps are sodium or potassium salts of long chain fatty acids. When triglycerides in fat/oil react with aqueous NaOH or KOH, they are converted into soap and glycerol. This is called alkaline hydrolysis of esters. Since this reaction leads to the formation of soap, it is called the Saponification process.

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Lye Soap Recipes, SAP Values & Formula

Jun 23, 2021·Lye Soap Formula Example: Ingredients here are taken from my basic soap recipe, we simply multiply the grams of each oil by the SAP value in the chart below. Olive Oil – 500g X 0.134 = 67g Lye. Coconut Oil – 300g X 0.190 = 57g Lye. Palm Oil – 200g X 0.141 = 28.2g Lye. Total Lye Required To Saponify Oils = 152.2g.

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How to Make Soap ~ Soap Making for Beginners

Mar 29, 2020·Soap-Making Supplies. There are a few basic things you’ll need for making soap. Digital Scale—It’s important that soap-making ingredients, especially the lye, are measured precisely in order to make a balanced bar of soap. An accurate digital scale is a must.

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7 Easy Steps to Homemade Lye Soap for Beginners | Simple ...

Sep 21, 2015·When fats and lye both reach about 100° F, pour lye into pot of oil and stir. Use blender on 5 minutes, stir by hand 5 minutes, etc. on and off until trace. Add essential oils and any natural coloring agents or textures, stir very well. Pour into mold and incubate for …

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Making of soap | chemical reactions | Chemistry - YouTube

Jan 15, 2014·Soaps are formed when fatty acids react with an alkali. The reaction is called saponification. The video shows how to make soap. An alkali, sodium hydroxide,...

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Learn to Make: Liquid Soap From Scratch - Wholesale ...

May 27, 2015·If you are familiar with making soap from scratch, you probably know that solid soap is made with sodium hydroxide and that liquid soap is made with potassium hydroxide (KOH). Potassium hydroxide is similar to sodium hydroxide, but makes soft soap, which combined with water, makes liquid soap. This guide will teach you how to make liquid soap from scratch, using potassium hydroxide.

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Soap Making for Beginners: 3 Easy Soap Recipes - Lovely Greens

Jul 16, 2021·Make small batches. Many of the soap recipes I share on Lovely Greens are for 1-lb (454g) batches. These are GREAT for beginner soap makers because they’re small and thus inexpensive to make. Many recipes you’ll find online or in books will be for larger batches but making …

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How to Make Soapy Water

Make new soapy water every day. Throw away any leftover solution from the day before. CHLORA CHLORA Powder soap or powdered laundry detergent Bucket with lid Water Stick for stirring Label Supplies Needed Tablespoon SOAP Add 5 tablespoons of soap powder Stir well until suds form. Label bucket “Soapy Water for Cleaning.“ to 20 liters of ...

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EXPERIMENT # ------ SYNTHESIS AND PROPERTIES OF SOAP …

CHEM 1100 2 History of Soap The discovery of soap dates back to about 6000 years ago. Around 2800 B.C.E, the ancient Babylon excavations uncovered cylinders with inscriptions for making soap.1 In 1500 B.C.E, records from ancient Egypt described how animal and vegetable oils were combined with alkaline salts to make soap.

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Saponification: Definition, Process & Reaction - Video ...

The equation for saponification in soap making provides a great example of how you can take a fat and alkali to produce soap. Just to note, in this equation, alkali and lye are the same thing.

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Soap - Elmhurst University

Soap is a mixture of sodium salts of various naturally occurring fatty acids. Air bubbles added to a molten soap will decrease the density of the soap and thus it will float on water. If the fatty acid salt has potassium rather than sodium, a softer lather is the result.

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Saponification and the Making of Soap - An Example of ...

Sep 10, 2009·The triglycerides most commonly used to make soap commercially are from animal sources, such as tallow, although plant fats from coconut, palm and other vegetable oils can be used. Pure coconut oil yields soap that is very soluble in water because it contains predominately myristic and lauric acids (14- and 12-carbon fatty acids, respectively).

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EXPERIMENT # ------ SYNTHESIS AND PROPERTIES OF SOAP …

CHEM 1100 2 History of Soap The discovery of soap dates back to about 6000 years ago. Around 2800 B.C.E, the ancient Babylon excavations uncovered cylinders with inscriptions for making soap.1 In 1500 B.C.E, records from ancient Egypt described how animal and vegetable oils were combined with alkaline salts to make soap.

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What Is the Chemical Equation for Soap?

Apr 05, 2020·The chemical equation for soap is a fat, such as stearol, plus a strong base, such as sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide. This produces glycerol and crude soap, which consists of sodium or potassium salts of fatty acids. The reaction that occurs in making soap is called saponification. Using different salts results in different textures of ...

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The Chemistry Behind Soapmaking / How is soap made ...

The initial saponification process takes anywhere from 20 – 90 minutes. After the soap mixture is poured into a mold the rest of the saponification takes place and can take from 5 – 6 weeks. Once the soap has cured it can be tested for proper ph levels using a test strip. You are looking for a ph level of 8 – 10.5.

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